Research Articles and Publications

Articles/Chapters by Members of the STS Consortium

Bride, B. E., Robinson, M. M., Yegidis, B., & Figley, C. R. (2004). Development and validation of the secondary traumatic stress scale. Research on social work practice. Vol. 14(1), 27-35.

Hendricks, A. (2012). Secondary Traumatic Stress in Child Welfare: Multi-Level Prevention and Intervention Strategies. CW360°: Secondary Trauma and the Child Welfare Workforce, Spring 2012.


Mathieu, F., & McLean, L., (2014). Managing Compassion Fatigue, Moral Distress and Burnout in a context of patient-centered care. Walton, M., Barnsteiner, J., & Disch, J. (eds) Patient/Family Centered Care – Patient and Care Provider Considerations, Sigma Theta Tau International. Recipient of the 2014 AJN Book of the Year Award.


Mathieu, F. (2015). Beyond Kale and Pedicures: Can we beat burnout and compassion fatigue? (available at

Mathieu, F. (2014). Occupational Hazards: Compassion Fatigue, Vicarious Trauma and Burnout. Canadian Nurse. Vol. 110(5).

Mathieu, F. (2016). Key Strategies to Reduce Compassion Fatigue and Burnout. The Family Caregiver Newsmagazine.


Miller, B. & Sprang, G. (2016). A Components-Based Practice Model for Reducing Compassion Fatigue by Effecting Clinician Experience. Traumatology. 


Molnar, B., Sprang, G., Bride, B., & Killian, K. (2017). Setting a Research Agenda for Advancing Science and Practice in the area of Vicarious Traumatization/Secondary Traumatic Stress. Traumatology.


Perkins, E., & Sprang, G. (2013). Results from the Pro-QOL-IV for Substance Abuse Counselors Working with Offenders. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. Vol. 11(2), 199-213.


Sprang, G., Whitt-Woosley, A., & Clark, J. (2007). Compassion Fatigue, Burnout and Compassion Satisfaction: Factors impacting a professional’s quality of life. Journal of Loss and Trauma. Vol. 12, 259–280.


Sprang, G., Craig, C. & Clark, J. (2011). Secondary traumatic stress and burnout in child welfare workers: A comparative analysis of occupational distress across professional groups. Child Welfare. Vol. 90(6), 149-168.


Sprang, G., Ross, L., Miller, B., Blackshear, K. , Ascienzo, S. (2017). Psychometric Properties of the Secondary Traumatic Stress Informed Organizational Assessment. Traumatology. Vol. 23(2), 165-171.


Sprang, G. (2018). Organizational Assessment of Secondary Traumatic Stress: Utilizing the Secondary Traumatic Stress Informed Organizational Assessment Tool to Facilitate Organizational Learning and Change. Trauma Responsive Child Welfare Systems (pp. 261-270). Springer, Cham, Switzerland.


Sprang, G., Ross, L., & Miller, B. (2018). A data-driven, implementation-focused, organizational change approach to addressing secondary traumatic stress. European Journal for Person Centered Healthcare. Vol. 6(1), 62-68.


Walsh, C.R., Mathieu, F., Hendricks, A. (2017). Report from the Secondary Traumatic Stress San Diego Think Tank. Traumatology.